Are you preparing for the UPSC CDS Exam II in 2024? If so, understanding the exam pattern is crucial for your success. Here, we will delve into the details of the UPSC CDS Exam II Exam Pattern 2024 and how Manasa Defence Academy is providing the best training to the students.

Overview of UPSC CDS Exam II Exam Pattern 2024

The UPSC Combined Defence Services (CDS) Exam II is conducted in two stages – a written examination and an interview.

The written test comprises three sections: English, General Knowledge, and Elementary Mathematics.

Each paper is of 100 marks with a duration of 2 hours for English and 2 hours each for General Knowledge and Elementary Mathematics.

The interview stage is conducted by the Services Selection Board (SSB) and carries 300 marks.

Manasa Defence Academy: Providing the Best Training to the Students

Manasa Defence Academy is known for its specialized training programs for aspirants preparing for defence exams like UPSC CDS.

The academy offers comprehensive study material, expert faculty, regular mock tests, and personalized guidance to help students excel in the UPSC CDS Exam.

With a focus on all aspects of the exam pattern, including English, General Knowledge, and Mathematics, Manasa Defence Academy ensures holistic preparation for the students.

The academy’s track record of success and individual attention to each student make it a preferred choice for UPSC CDS Exam preparation.


In conclusion, understanding the UPSC CDS Exam II Exam Pattern 2024 is essential for aspirants looking to join the defence forces. With specialized training programs and expert guidance from institutions like Manasa Defence Academy, students can enhance their preparation and maximize their chances of success in the exam. Prepare diligently, stay focused, and trust in the training provided to achieve your goal of clearing the UPSC CDS Exam II in 2024.

Community Pharmacy Services in Mimika, Indonesia

Community pharmacies play a crucial role in providing healthcare services, especially in regions like Mimika, Indonesia, where access to healthcare facilities may be limited. These pharmacies serve as accessible points of care, offering a range of essential services and products to local residents. Here’s an exploration of the community pharmacy services available in Mimika:


1. Accessible Medications:

Pafikabmimika, ensure the availability of essential medications, catering to the immediate healthcare needs of the community. This accessibility is vital, considering the challenges in reaching larger healthcare facilities.


2. Health Education and Counseling:

Pharmacists in these community settings often provide valuable health education and counseling. They inform patients about medication usage, potential side effects, and proper health practices, empowering them to manage their health more effectively.


3. Chronic Disease Management:

Many residents in Mimika suffer from chronic diseases such as diabetes and hypertension. Community pharmacies offer services like blood pressure monitoring, blood sugar testing, and medication adherence counseling to support these patients in managing their conditions.


4. Immunizations and Preventive Care:

Vaccinations and immunizations are crucial for preventing infectious diseases. Community pharmacies in Mimika often collaborate with health authorities to provide immunization services, ensuring that residents, especially children and the elderly, receive necessary vaccinations.


5. Over-the-Counter (OTC) Products:

Beyond prescription medications, community pharmacies stock a variety of over-the-counter products like vitamins, first aid supplies, and personal care items. This availability is essential in meeting the daily health and wellness needs of the community.


6. Patient Convenience:

Community pharmacies in Mimika prioritize convenience for patients by offering extended hours, quick service, and sometimes home delivery of medications. These efforts are particularly beneficial for elderly patients or those with mobility issues.


7. Collaboration with Healthcare Providers:

Pharmacists in community pharmacies often collaborate closely with physicians and other healthcare providers. This collaboration ensures coordinated care and effective management of patient health, especially in cases requiring multiple medications or complex treatment plans.


8. Emergency Care Support:

During emergencies or natural disasters, community pharmacies in Mimika serve as critical points for immediate healthcare needs. They often stock emergency medications and supplies, providing essential support to the community during challenging times.


9. Health Screening Services:

Some community pharmacies in Mimika offer health screening services such as cholesterol testing, BMI (Body Mass Index) measurements, and basic health assessments. These screenings help identify health risks early and encourage proactive healthcare management.


10. Community Engagement and Support:

Beyond their role in healthcare provision, community pharmacies actively engage with the local community through health awareness campaigns, support groups, and partnerships with local organizations. This involvement fosters a stronger community approach to health and well-being.


In conclusion, Pafikabmimika play a vital role in ensuring access to essential healthcare services for local residents. From providing medications and health education to offering preventive care and emergency support, these pharmacies are integral to the community’s health infrastructure. Their continuous efforts contribute significantly to improving health outcomes and quality of life in Mimika.

Social institution

The expression, “social institution” has been defined differently by both philosophical literatures and other language literatures. In general, contemporary sociologists apply the expression to refer to complex social forms that reproduce themselves such as the family, human languages, governments, hospitals, business corporations, universities and legal systems. A social institution is, therefore, use to refer to a complex, integrated set of social norms structured around the maintenance of basic societal values. Social institutions determining Kinship, provide for the legitimate use of power, transmit knowledge from one generation to the next, regulating the distribution of goods and services, ; and regulate our relation to the supernatural. These five essential functions are performed by the government, family, education, economy, and religion. Family is, therefore, one of the fundamental social institutions.

Family as a social institution
The family as an institution serves the function of socializing and nurturing children, providing a sense of belonging and identity and passing on generational traditions. The universality of family indicates that they are deeply rooted in human nature besides being critical in the maintenance and development of orders. Belonging to a family or being a family member of means that one has certain responsibilities, legal and cultural rights that are spelled out in both formal and informal laws and traditions. For example, parents have the legal obligations to provide food, clothing, shelter and nurturance to their children. The failure to do so may result in parents facing legal charges of neglect or abuse. Another example regards the contemporary debates surrounding same-sex marriage. According to Andersen and Taylor 2009, Most members of the society presume that al families are meant to be Heterosexual. As a result, those living in gay and lesbian marriages invent novel practices not supported by the institutional fabric of society. They incorporate traditional marriage rites that take place such as within the wedding shower, engagement, rehearsal dinner, bachelor party, wedding ceremony, and honeymoon. (Andersen and Taylor 2009)

Family as a culture symbol
The family stands for a powerful cultural symbol. For example,, family theme parks, family restaurants and “family movie” part at the local video store. In addition, consider the familiar rhetoric of “family values” made use of in many political agendas and campaigns. In these aspects, term “family” is a symbol of wholesomeness. As such, “family” carries a great deal of symbolic importance, which goes beyond mere cohabitation. (Stiers, 2011)

Social Functions of the Family
The First social function of a family is the socialization of children. Parents, siblings, and other relatives all take part in the practice of socializing children from the time they are born. The society is possible without enough socialization of its young. In most societies, the socialization process takes place in the family setting. Secondly, the family plays the role of emotional and practical support for its members. It provides the members with food, shelter, clothing and other essentials. Further, it provides them with love, help, comfort in times of emotional grief in addition to other types of intangible support that we members require. Thirdly, the family as an institution helps regulate sexual reproduction and regulate sexual activity. All societies have norms that govern how often and with whom a person should have sex. The family acts as the most important unit for teaching such norms and the primary unit through which sexual reproduction occurs.

The primary reasons for the establishment of such norms are to ensure that children have enough practical and emotional when they are born. Practices such as incest are forbidden in most societies. The norms that regulate such behavior between certain relatives helps to reduce conflict inside the family. As well, the family provides a social identity to its members. Children are born into their parents’ social class, race and ethnicity, religion, and so forth. Various children have advantages throughout life owing to the social identity they obtain from their parents. Similarly, other children face many obstacles due to the social race class and ethnicity into which they were born. (Newman, 2009)

Conflict theory perspective
According to conflict theorist, the family institution contributes immensely to social inequality by reinforcing patriarchy and economic inequality. The family contributes towards conflict, including violence physical and emotional cruelty, for its members. The family contributes to social inequality in several ways. The lifelong chances of children are not only affected by their life chances, but it also establishes society’s system of stratification. The family helps reinforce existing inequality because they pass along wealth to their children,. Family has also helped to retain the status at the top of the social hierarchy especially during industrialization. This has enabled the family to become more and more of a patriarchal unit. Lastly, the family can also be a source of conflict for its members through physical abuse, arguing, shouting and emotional cruelty. Not all families provide the necessary emotional support to family members.

Family is an essential component of our everyday lives. The issue of who is to be included, how individuals balance personal needs with family responsibilities and how private or public it is, reflect the values we hold as a society. Moreover, while individual often think of family solely in personal terms, the relationships are to a large extent shaped by social structure. Our behaviors, attitudes, and experiences are not entirely random.

How You Choose Right Overseas Education Consultants?

The reason for rising craze among students to travel to abroad for higher studies is as a result of these ar among the highest destinations within the world over.

Due to the on top of reasons, that are quite vital, a student desires to review abroad and wherever arises the necessity of consulting to a far off education advisor. Allow us to throw some lightweight on why opt for a better education advisor and what edges can we get by consulting to them;

Counseling is after all the primary right step when deciding to review overseas. It helps students to require right call for his or her bright future. Such form of direction is given solely by the upper education advisor. Overseas Education Consultants in Delhi NCR helps the scholars by telling them regarding the choices of universities that conduct their most well-liked course. Not solely this, advisor additionally helps them by telling them the fee structure and total calculable expense of staying in an exceedingly country and guiding them for the admission procedure.

When students apply for admission in an exceedingly university overseas through a consultancy, they get all the protection and security right from obtaining admissions to visa approval. Whereas if a student applies his or her own, the chance of visa rejection is quite probable. Once the scholars take facilitate from overseas education advisor, they get a complete idea of what are the documents they require, the full quantity to be spent in education and living and the way a lot of quantity to be shown to the embassy.

A good Abroad Education Consultants in Delhi helps the scholars not only in getting themselves prepared in performing formalities better during pre-completion of the course but also help them to understand what quite jobs they will do their and earn a pretty amount of cash, at the same time with their studies and once the completion of study. Education is one issue that’s value finance at any purpose of your life. The worth of a decent education is simply too precious and you may ne’er regret for disbursement it slow and cash for education. Majority of US focuses additional at obtaining higher education and build our life additional solid and secure.

A lot of scholars are forced to travel to completely different places in search of higher education as most of the countries don’t seem to be having quality higher academic establishments. The dearth of quality education in an exceedingly country forces the scholars to travel for abroad education and there are plenty of states that offers higher education system in numerous branches. Relying upon the varied academic branches, students elect completely different countries for following their education.

Overseas Visa Consultants in Delhi are consultants WHO give individual steerage to students in their search for the good school, and facilitate them with applications, scholarships and also the entire method of faculty admissions.